An overview of the history of lebanon

Following the establishment of the State of Greater Lebanon, the French turned to deal with the rest of their mandated territory in the Levant, where they were at a loss what to do.

Lebanese Civil War

Thus the two sister republics came into being, Lebanon and Syria; both under French mandate, sharing the same currency and customs services, but flying different flags, and run by separate native administrations under one French High Commissioner residing in Beirut.

Lebanese soldiers, — Rising prosperity and peace[ edit ] Lebanese dress from the late 19th century. Lebanese soldiers, — Rising prosperity and peace[ edit ] Lebanese dress from the late 19th century. By mid-June, Israeli troops had surrounded 6, terrorists who had taken up positions amid the civilian population of West Beirut.

League of Nations Mandate[ edit ]. In all parties agree to a peace negotiated at a meeting of leaders in Taif, Saudi Arabia. Mohegan sachem Uncas began selling parts of what would become Lebanon to settlers from Norwich in For the duration of the French mandate in the Levant, Lebanon was adequately protected against such destabilizing Arab interventions in its affairs.

Hariri is killed in a car bomb in Beirut leading to massive popular demonstrations that eventually force the resignation of the government and increasing international pressure on Syria to withdraw its troops.

There were even many Maronites who dissented and freely expressed their divergent views. During the 11th century the Druze faith emerged from a branch of Islam.

Lebanon: A brief history

The Druze prince treated all the religions equally and was the one who formed Lebanon. A wave of Palestinian refugees come to Lebanon following the Arab-Israeli war and the establishment of Israel.

In addition to all this, there was the experienced mercantile initiative and exceptional adaptability of the people, and the cultural tolerance which they generally exhibited, most notably in the coastal cities, and most of all in cosmopolitan Beirut.

They knew what they did not want rather than what they wanted, and what they were opposed to more than what they were in favour of. The offensive ends when America negotiates an "understanding" under which Hizbollah and Palestinian guerillas agree not to attack civilians in northern Israel.

The town encompasses Inwith the help of France, they had already secured a special political status for their historical homeland of Mount Lebanon as a mutesarrifate, or privileged sanjak administrative regionwithin the Ottoman system, under an international guaranty.

The PLO launches counter-attacks from southern Lebanon, prompting the UN Security Council to issue a resolution calling on all sides to adopt a ceasefire. Lebanon district, and the Druze gaining control over the Biqa valley.

Bypolitical changes in the Ottoman sultanate had resulted in the removal of many of Fakhr-al-Din's enemies from power, allowing Fahkr-al-Din's return to Lebanon, whereupon he was able quickly to reunite all the lands of Lebanon beyond the boundaries of its mountains; and having revenge from Emir Yusuf Pasha ibn Siyfa, attacking his stronghold in Akkar, destroying his palaces and taking control of his lands, and regaining the territories he had to give up in in Sidon, Tripoli, Bekaa among others.

The Maronites, however, were insistent in their demands. It was the unemployed, the middle class and the poor that were dying in the streets. Ottoman control was uncontested during the early modern period, but the Lebanese coast became important for its contacts and trades with the maritime republics of VeniceGenoa other Italian city-states.

Theirs, it was further claimed, was the broader Mediterranean heritage which they had once shared with Greece and Rome, and which they now shared with Western Europe. Finally, the Ottoman sultan Murad IV of Istanbul, wanting to thwart Lebanon's progress toward complete independence, ordered Kutshuk, then governor of Damascus, to attack the Lebanese ruler.

This time, the prince had decided to remain in Lebanon and resist the offensive, but the death of his son Emir Ali Beik in Wadi el-Taym was the beginning of his defeat.

Clearly, in the case of the Syrian Republic, the French had put together a state but failed to create a special nationality to go with it. It was an autonomous region of the Ottoman Empire. How it all began - A concise history of Lebanon.

Lebanon country profile

To create a country is one thing; to create a nationality is another. In the wake of the first world war, which ended with the destruction of the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman empires, it was possible for the victorious Allies to redraw the political map of much of the world.

Lebanon's History Lebanon is the historical home of the Phoenicians, Semitic traders whose maritime culture flourished there for more than 2, years (c.

B.C.). In later centuries, Lebanon's mountains were a refuge for Christians, and Crusaders established several strongholds there.

It is a compromise.

Lebanon: A brief history

The Christians renounce the protection of Western powers and the Muslims renounce union with Syria or other Arab states. In intra-Arab conflicts Lebanon will remain neutral. In the State of Israel is created, causing an influx of Palestinians into southern Lebanon. How it all began - A concise history of Lebanon.

To create a country is one thing; to create a nationality is another. In the wake of the first world war, which ended with the destruction of the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman empires, it was possible for the victorious Allies to redraw the political map of much of the world.

Some key dates in Lebanon's history: - Lebanon is part of the Ottoman Empire. Brief History: Lebanon is a small country at the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The Nature of Lebanon being distinguished from the mostly desert-countries surrounding it, along with the impact of the civilizations that inhabited Lebanon through thousands of years reached its .

An overview of the history of lebanon
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Lebanon: A brief history - Telegraph