History of the cello

Note the absence of fine-tuning pins on the tailpiece. Large muscle groups, like the shoulder, are used little if at all.

Cello Suites (Bach)

Pernambuco is a heavy, resinous wood with great elasticity, which makes it an ideal wood for instrument bows. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Pizzicato is often abbreviated as "Pizz.

The scroll is a traditional ornamental part of the cello and a feature of all other members of the violin family. These two periodic resonances beat with each other.

Nicolo was the best instrument maker of the Amati family. Like the bridge, the sound post is not glued, but is kept in place by the tensions of the bridge and strings.

When the performer wishes to play the cello, the endpin is pulled out to lengthen it. Body The main frame of the cello is made from wood. Ebonised parts such as tuning pegs may crack or split, and the black surface of the fingerboard will eventually wear down to reveal the lighter wood underneath.

Sometimes a small length of rubber hose containing a water-soaked sponge, called a Dampit, is inserted through the f-holes, and serves as a humidifier.

The orch-rock group, The Polyphonic Spreewhich has pioneered the use of stringed and symphonic instruments, employs the cello in very creative ways for many of their " psychedelic -esque" melodies.

The solo repertoire for violin and cello by J. Cello Uses throughout the centuries Ccellos have been used as part of orchestras and symphonies, and for quartets and then solo pieces as well.

An autograph manuscript of Bach's lute version of this suite exists as BWV In spite of this paradox the Italian name was adopted throughout Europe from onward. A review of compositions for cello in the Romantic era must include the German composer Fanny Mendelssohn — who wrote the Fantasy in G minor for cello and piano and a Capriccio in A-flat for cello.

Modern bows curve in and are held at the frog ; Baroque bows curve out and are held closer to the bow's point of balance. Harmonics played on the cello fall into two classes; natural and artificial.

The introduction of wire wrapped strings in in Bologna gave the instrument a boost, actually making the modern cello with its relatively short scale and size for a bass instrument possible. In pizzicato playing, the string is plucked directly with the fingers or thumb.

Cello - History

The bow is always held perpendicular to the string being played. At first called Viola da gamba, it literally meant "leg viola" as no endpin was used at that time and the cello was held resting on the player's calves; contrast "Viola da braccio", "arm viola".

The violin family is also known as the viola da braccio meaning viola of the arm family, a reference to the primary way the members of the family are held. The cello actually originated in the early 16th century as a member of the violin family.

Like the bridge, the sound post is not glued, but is kept in place by the tensions of the bridge and strings. Bow is particularly suited to it: Shortening the string also reduces its mass, but does not alter the mass per unit length, and it is the latter ratio rather than the total mass which governs the frequency.

The tailpiece is traditionally made of ebony or another hard wood, but can also be made of plastic or steel on lower-cost instruments.

Other possible instruments for the suite include a cello da spallaa version of the violoncello piccolo played on the shoulder like a violaas well as a viola with a fifth string tuned to E, called a viola pomposa. As a result, the pitch of the note will waver slightly, much as a singer's voice on a sustained note.

Both come from the same species of tree Caesalpinia echinatabut pernambuco, used for higher-quality bows, is the heartwood of the tree and is darker in color than brazilwood which is sometimes stained to compensate.

There also exist fingered, or artificial harmonics, in which the player depressed the string with one finger and presses light to produce a harmonic further up the string with a second finger. Many models can also produce a tuning pitch of A4 Hz. The fine tuners can increase the tension of each string raising the pitch or decrease the tension of the string lowering the pitch.

Double stops involve the playing of two notes at the same time. On an up-bow, the bow is drawn the other way, bringing the hand closer to the bridge. Because the string is quite thin, not much air is moved by the string itself, and consequently if the string was not mounted on a hollow body, the sound would be weak.

The plug serves as a place to insert the end pin and to wrap the tail gut. Without purfling, cracks can spread up or down the top or back. Some end pins are removable and some slide into the violoncello.

The History of the Cello

Laminated cellos are widely used in elementary and secondary school orchestras and youth orchestrasbecause they are much more durable than carved wood cellos i. The cello bow has also been used to play electric guitars. The Cello was a late comer to the violin family.

The earliest ones we know of were built around the middle of the 16th century and the first mention of the violoncello in print was in The six Cello Suites, BWVare suites for unaccompanied cello by Johann Sebastian Bach.

They are some of the most frequently performed and recognizable solo compositions ever written for cello. HISTORY of the CELLO.

10/17/2013 Musings on the Cello

How well do you know the history of the cello? Like all the members of the violin family, the cello first emerged in Northern Italy in the first half of. History of the cello. The earliest known cello was made in Italy.

10/17/2013 Musings on the Cello

At first called Viola da gamba, it literally meant "leg viola" as no endpin was used at that time and the cello was held resting on the player's calves; contrast "Viola da braccio", "arm viola". Through its development the Viola da gamba was a fretted instrument that could have 5.

The large bass and the small bass. In the first half of the 16th century, when the violin family evolved from the viola da braccio, instruments were built in three registers: treble (soprano), alto/tenor and bass. HISTORY of the CELLO How well do you know the history of the cello?

Like all the members of the violin family, the cello first emerged in Northern Italy in the first half of the 16th century in the workshops of famous instrument makers like Andrea Amati and Gasparo da Salo. This family evolved from the viola da braccio, an instrument that was.

History of the cello
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Cello Suites (Bach) - Wikipedia